Customs and Border Patrol (CBP)

Protects the borders from “illegal” immigrants and ensure that they don’t cross the borders of the country.

 

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)

DACA gave temporary relief from deportation to immigrants that came into the country when they were children. It also gave these people access to certain freedoms such as getting a job and obtaining a driver’s license. The program was available to over 1 million people. In 2014, Obama expanded DACA and announced Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA), which would grant the same DACA freedoms to parents of immigrants that came to the country as children. DACA has since been revoked under the Trump administration.

 

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

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Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)

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Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIR) of 1996

Terminated a variety of freedoms and rights held by undocumented immigrants For one, immigrants were no longer allowed to legalize their status after living in the country undocumented.  In addition, UDIs no longer received social welfare benefits, and funding was increased for immigration enforcement, particularly at the US-Mexico border 

After the passage of IIRIR, states began to take policy into their own hands. While they do not have the power to deport, they created sanctions to make processes increasingly difficult for UDIs; including obtaining a driver’s license, higher education, and even prenatal care for mothers.

 

Johnson-Reed Immigration Act of 1924

 

287-g agreements

Partnerships with ICE that allow local law enforcement to carry out federal activities This agreement is an outcome of the 1996 IIRIR, which authorized ICE directors to train local agencies on enforcement.

 

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